Periodontology is the specialty of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the gums (gingivitis) and bone (periodontitis) that surround the teeth.
Periodontitis is a microbial disease associated with predisposition of the organism and heredity. It is found in about 50% of the population over the age of 30 (data from major epidemiological studies in the United States). This practically means that one in two adults over the age of 30 suffers from mild to severe periodontal disease. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important.
When periodontal disease is limited to the gums alone (gingivitis) it is much easier to control and maintain a healthy condition, as opposed to the case of the supporting bone of the teeth where repair is more difficult. In some cases, with regenerative techniques it is possible to have some bone restoration.
An important part of periodontology is the reconstructive or regenerative surgery of the bones and gums in cases of intense absorption, where, in addition to the significant functional problems caused by this condition, the teeth look longer and create aesthetic problems in the smile and the daily communication of the individual.
In addition to the aesthetic and functional problems of the patient with periodontal disease (chewing, speech, appearance, bad breath), there are several other issues in the body that are significantly affected by this disease, such as cardiac, nephrological, transplant cases, metabolic such as diabetes and pregnancy.
Frequent (every 3-6 months) visit to the dentist is very important to maintain not only a healthy dentition but also good general health, for life.